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MSA301 accelerometer and Arduino Uno example

by shedboy71

In this article we connect an MSA301 accelerometer to an Arduino Uno – other arduino boards should be Ok as well

Sensor Information

Lets look at some information regarding the sensor, this is from the datasheet

MSA301 is a triaxial, low-g accelerometer with I2C digital output for consumer applications.

It has dynamical user selectable full scales range of ±2g/±4g/±8g/±16g and allows acceleration measurements with output data rates from 1Hz to 500Hz

FEATURES

User selectable range, ±2g, ±4g, ±8g, ±16g
1.62V to 3.6V supply voltage,
1.2V to 3.6V IO supply voltage
User selectable data output rate
I2C Interface
One interrupt pin
14 bits resolution

This is the sensor that I bought

 

Parts Required

The sensor you can pick up in the $6 price range – you can connect to the sensor using a standard header the classic dupont style jumper wire.

I used a Qwiic cable with dupont connector on the end – since a few sensors seem to use these but this is optional you can easily solder a header and connect

Name Link
Arduino Uno UNO R3 CH340G with usb cable
MSA301 AliExpress Product – PIM456 Acceleration Sensor Development Tools MSA301 3DoF Motion Sensor Breakout
Connecting cables Male to Male + Male to Female and Female to Female Jumper Wire Dupont Cable

 

Schematic/Connection

I used the Adafruit MSA301 sensor and in this case used the Stemma connection

For the STEMMA QT cables, it uses the Qwiic convention:

Black for GND
Red for V+
Blue for SDA
Yellow for SCL

So color coded for ease of use, this layout shows a connection to the module

I also used 3.3v from the board, although you can quite easily use 5v, if you are using the header then connect to the pin marked Vin – the 3Vo pin is the 3.3V output from the voltage regulator on the sensor.

Arduino Uno and MSA301 layout

Arduino Uno and MSA301 layout

Code Examples

This uses a library from Adafruit installed using the Library Manager in the Arduino IDE. search for Adafruit MSA301, and select the Adafruit_MSA301 library. You will also need to add another couple of libraries Adafruit BusIO library and t he Adafruit Unified Sensor library

We will look at 2 of the 4 examples – a tap example and an accelerometer example

Tap example

// Basic demo for tap/doubletap readings from Adafruit MSA301
 
#include <Adafruit_MSA301.h>
 
Adafruit_MSA301 msa;
 
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  while (!Serial) { delay(10); }
 
  // Try to initialize!
  if (! msa.begin()) {
    Serial.println("Failed to find MSA301 chip");
    while (1) { delay(10); }
  }
  Serial.println("Found MSA301!");
 
  msa.setPowerMode(MSA301_NORMALMODE);
  msa.setDataRate(MSA301_DATARATE_1000_HZ);
  msa.setBandwidth(MSA301_BANDWIDTH_500_HZ);
  msa.setRange(MSA301_RANGE_2_G);
  msa.setResolution(MSA301_RESOLUTION_14 );
 
  msa.setClick(false, false, MSA301_TAPDUR_250_MS, 25);
  msa.enableInterrupts(true, true);  // enable single/double tap
}
 
void loop() {
 
  uint8_t motionstat = msa.getMotionInterruptStatus();
  if (motionstat) {
    Serial.print("Tap detected (0x"); Serial.print(motionstat, HEX); Serial.println(")");
    if (motionstat & (1<<5)) {
      Serial.println("\t***Single tap");
    }
    if (motionstat & (1<<4)) {
      Serial.println("\t***Double tap");
    }
    Serial.println("");
  }
  delay(10);
 
}

Output

Here is  an example of what I saw in the serial monitor window – you may see some different results

Found MSA301!
Tap detected (0xFF)
***Single tap
***Double tap

Tap detected (0x20)
***Single tap

Tap detected (0x20)
***Single tap

Tap detected (0x20)
***Single tap

Acceleration example

I cut down some of the config settings that are in the example as I was not setting any of them

// Basic demo for accelerometer readings from Adafruit MSA301
 
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_MSA301.h>
#include <Adafruit_Sensor.h>
 
Adafruit_MSA301 msa;
 
void setup(void) {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  while (!Serial) delay(10);     // will pause Zero, Leonardo, etc until serial console opens
 
  Serial.println("Adafruit MSA301 test!");
 
  // Try to initialize!
  if (! msa.begin()) {
    Serial.println("Failed to find MSA301 chip");
    while (1) { delay(10); }
  }
  Serial.println("MSA301 Found!");
 
}
 
void loop() {
  msa.read();      // get X Y and Z data at once
  // Then print out the raw data
  Serial.print("X:  "); 
  Serial.print(msa.x); 
  Serial.print("  \tY:  "); 
  Serial.print(msa.y); 
  Serial.print("  \tZ:  ");
  Serial.print(msa.z); 
  delay(100); 
 
  /* Or....get a new sensor event, normalized */ 
  sensors_event_t event; 
  msa.getEvent(&event);
 
  /* Display the results (acceleration is measured in m/s^2) */
  Serial.print("\t\tX: "); 
  Serial.print(event.acceleration.x);
  Serial.print(" \tY: "); 
  Serial.print(event.acceleration.y); 
  Serial.print(" \tZ: "); 
  Serial.print(event.acceleration.z); 
  Serial.println(" m/s^2 ");
 
  Serial.println();
 
  delay(100); 
}

Output

And in the serial monitor you should see something like this

X: 841 Y: -738 Z: 1182 X: 3.98 Y: -3.51 Z: 6.00 m/s^2

X: 950 Y: -633 Z: 1609 X: 3.92 Y: -3.66 Z: 5.81 m/s^2

X: 513 Y: -871 Z: 1002 X: 1.03 Y: -4.48 Z: 7.22 m/s^2

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