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Arduino and LM75 temperature sensor example

The LM75 temperature sensor includes a delta-sigma analog-to-digital converter, and a digital overtemperature detector. The host can query the LM75 through its I²C interface to read temperature at any time. The open-drain overtemperature output (OS) sinks current when the programmable temperature limit is exceeded.

The OS output operates in either of two modes, comparator or interrupt. The host controls the temperature at which the alarm is asserted (TOS) and the hysteresis temperature below which the alarm condition is not valid (THYST). Also, the LM75’s TOS and THYST registers can be read by the host.

The address of the LM75 is set with three pins to allow multiple devices to work on the same bus. Power-up is in comparator mode, with defaults of TOS = +80°C and THYST = +75°C. The 3.0V to 5.5V supply voltage range, low supply current, and I²C interface make the LM75 ideal for many applications in thermal management and protection.

Key Features

SO (SOP) and µMAX® (µSOP) Packages
I²C Bus Interface
Separate Open-Drain OS Output Operates as Interrupt or Comparator/Thermostat Input
Register Readback Capability
Power-Up Defaults Permit Stand-Alone Operation as a Thermostat
3.0V to 5.5V Supply Voltage
Low Operating Supply Current 250µA (typ), 1mA (max)
4µA (typ) Shutdown Mode Minimizes Power Consumption
Up to Eight LM75s Can Be Connected to a Single Bus

 

Layout

I2C device you can power it from 3.3 or 5v

 

 

Code

I used this library – https://github.com/jlz3008/lm75

 

#define VERSION "1.1"
 
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <Wire.h>
 
#include <lm75.h>
 
TempI2C_LM75 termo = TempI2C_LM75(0x48,TempI2C_LM75::nine_bits);
 
 
void setup()
{
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.println("Start");
Serial.print("Actual temp ");
Serial.print(termo.getTemp());
Serial.println(" oC");
delay(2000);
}
 
void loop()
{
Serial.print(termo.getTemp());
Serial.println(" oC");
delay(5000);
}

 

 

Links

LM75 temperature sensor high speed I2C interface high precision development board module

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Arduino Uno and BMP280 sensor example

BMP280 is an absolute barometric pressure sensor especially designed for mobile applications. The sensor module is housed in an extremely compact package. Its small dimensions and its low power consumption allow for the implementation in battery powered devices such as mobile phones, GPS modules or watches.

As its predecessor BMP180, BMP280 is based on Bosch’s proven Piezo-resistive pressure sensor technology featuring high accuracy and linearity as well as long term stability and high EMC robustness. Numerous device operation options offer highest flexibility to optimize the device regarding power consumption, resolution and filter performance. A tested set of default settings for example use case is provided to the developer in order to make design-in as easy as possible.

Applications

– Enhancement of GPS navigation (e.g. time-tofirst-fix improvement, dead-reckoning, slope detection)

– Indoor navigation (floor detection, elevator detection)

– Outdoor navigation, leisure and sports applications

– Weather forecast

– Health care applications (e.g. spirometry)

– Vertical velocity indication (e.g. rise/sink speed)

Parameter Technical data
Operation range (full accuracy) Pressure: 300…1100 hPa
Temperature: -40…85°C
Absolute accuracy
(Temp. @ 0…+65°C)
~ ±1 hPa
Relative accuracy
p = 700…900hPa
(Temp. @ +25…+40°C)
± 0.12 hPa (typical)
equivalent to ±1 m
Average current consumption (1 Hz data refresh rate) 2.74 μA, typical
(ultra-low power mode)
Average current consumption in sleep mode 0.1 μA
Average measurement time 5.5 msec
(ultra-low power preset)
Supply voltage VDDIO 1.2 … 3.6 V
Supply voltage VDD 1.71 … 3.6 V
Resolution of data Pressure: 0.01 hPa ( < 10 cm)
Temperature: 0.01° C
Temperature coefficient offset
(+25°…+40°C @900hPa)
± 0.12 hPa (typical)
equivalent to ±1 m
Interface I²C and SPI

 

Layout

This is a layout diagram using an adafruit part, my module had clearly marked SDA and SCL connections

In this example we will connect to an Arduino

arduino and bmp280

arduino and bmp280

 

Code

This example requires https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_BMP280_Library and https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_Sensor

 

/***************************************************************************
This is a library for the BMP280 humidity, temperature & pressure sensor
 
Designed specifically to work with the Adafruit BMEP280 Breakout
----> http://www.adafruit.com/products/2651
 
These sensors use I2C or SPI to communicate, 2 or 4 pins are required
to interface.
 
Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code,
please support Adafruit andopen-source hardware by purchasing products
from Adafruit!
 
Written by Limor Fried & Kevin Townsend for Adafruit Industries.
BSD license, all text above must be included in any redistribution
***************************************************************************/
 
#include <Wire.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <Adafruit_Sensor.h>
#include <Adafruit_BMP280.h>
 
#define BMP_SCK 13
#define BMP_MISO 12
#define BMP_MOSI 11
#define BMP_CS 10
 
Adafruit_BMP280 bme; // I2C
//Adafruit_BMP280 bme(BMP_CS); // hardware SPI
//Adafruit_BMP280 bme(BMP_CS, BMP_MOSI, BMP_MISO, BMP_SCK);
 
void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.println(F("BMP280 test"));
 
if (!bme.begin()) {
Serial.println("Could not find a valid BMP280 sensor, check wiring!");
while (1);
}
}
 
void loop() {
Serial.print("Temperature = ");
Serial.print(bme.readTemperature());
Serial.println(" *C");
 
Serial.print("Pressure = ");
Serial.print(bme.readPressure());
Serial.println(" Pa");
 
Serial.print("Approx altitude = ");
Serial.print(bme.readAltitude(1013.25)); // this should be adjusted to your local forcase
Serial.println(" m");
 
Serial.println();
delay(2000);
}

 

 

 

Output

Temperature = 27.65 *C
Pressure = 100592.44 Pa
Approx altitude = 61.17 m

Temperature = 28.72 *C
Pressure = 100589.25 Pa
Approx altitude = 61.44 m

Temperature = 29.31 *C
Pressure = 100590.25 Pa
Approx altitude = 61.35 m

Temperature = 29.70 *C
Pressure = 100588.21 Pa
Approx altitude = 61.53 m

Temperature = 30.01 *C
Pressure = 100581.49 Pa
Approx altitude = 62.09 m

Temperature = 28.95 *C
Pressure = 100601.21 Pa
Approx altitude = 60.44 m

 

Link

https://ae-bst.resource.bosch.com/media/_tech/media/datasheets/BST-BMP280-DS001-18.pdf

1 piece I2C/SPI BMP280 3.3 Digital Barometric Pressure Altitude Sensor Module High Precision Atmospheric Module for Arduino

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Arduino and GY-21P module example

The GY-21P is an interesting module in that it combines a BMP280 sensor and an SI7021 sensor. The on-board BMP280+SI7021 sensor measures atmospheric pressure from 30kPa to 110kPa as well as relative humidity and temperature.

BMP280
Pressure range: 300-1100 hPa (9000 meters above sea level at -500m)
Relative accuracy (at 950 – 1050 hPa at 25 ° C): ± 0.12 hPa, equiv. to ± 1 m
Absolute accuracy (at (950 – 1050 hPa, 0 – +40 ° C): ± 0.12 hPa, equiv. To ± 1 m
Mains voltage: 1.8V – 3.6V
Power consumption: 2.7µA at 1Hz readout rate
Temperature range: -40 to + 85 ° C

SI7021
HVAC/R
Thermostats/humidistats
Respiratory therapy
White goods
Indoor weather stations
Micro-environments/data centers
Automotive climate control and defogging
Asset and goods tracking
Mobile phones and tablets
Size: 1.3*1cm/0.51*0.39″

Features:

Operation Voltage: 3.3V
I2C & SPI Communications Interface
Temp Range: -40C to 85C
Humidity Range: 0 – 100% RH, =-3% from 20-80%
Pressure Range: 30,000Pa to 110,000Pa, relative accuracy of 12Pa, absolute accuracy of 100Pa
Altitude Range: 0 to 30,000 ft (9.2 km), relative accuracy of 3.3 ft (1 m) at sea level, 6.6 (2 m) at 30,000 ft.

Code

I use a variety of Adafruit libraries, took the default examples and made the following out of them

https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_Sensor

https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_BMP280_Library

https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_Si7021

 

 

include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_Sensor.h>
#include <Adafruit_BMP280.h>
#include "Adafruit_Si7021.h"
 
Adafruit_BMP280 bme; // I2C
Adafruit_Si7021 sensor = Adafruit_Si7021();
 
void setup() 
{
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.println("BMP280 and SI7021 (GY-21p) test");
 
if (!bme.begin()) 
{ 
Serial.println("Could not find a valid BMP280 sensor, check wiring!");
while (1);
}
 
if (!sensor.begin()) 
{
Serial.println("Did not find Si7021 sensor!");
while (true);
}
}
 
void loop() 
{
Serial.println("BMP280 results");
Serial.print("Temperature = ");
Serial.print(bme.readTemperature());
Serial.println(" *C");
Serial.print("Pressure = ");
Serial.print(bme.readPressure());
Serial.println(" Pa");
Serial.print("Approx altitude = ");
Serial.print(bme.readAltitude(1013.25)); // this should be adjusted to your local forcase
Serial.println(" m");
Serial.println();
 
Serial.println("SI7021 results");
Serial.print("Humidity: "); 
Serial.println(sensor.readHumidity(), 2);
Serial.print("Temperature: "); 
Serial.println(sensor.readTemperature(), 2);
Serial.println();
delay(2000);
}

 

Output

OPen the serial monitor

BMP280 results
Temperature = 27.26 *C
Pressure = 99042.63 Pa
Approx altitude = 191.78 m

SI7021 results
Humidity: 31.04
Temperature: 27.30

BMP280 results
Temperature = 28.43 *C
Pressure = 99044.82 Pa
Approx altitude = 191.60 m

SI7021 results
Humidity: 32.59
Temperature: 28.56

BMP280 results
Temperature = 28.17 *C
Pressure = 99037.41 Pa
Approx altitude = 192.22 m

SI7021 results
Humidity: 32.88
Temperature: 28.46

You can see the temperature output is close between the sensors

 

Links

Atmospheric Humidity Temperature Sensor Breakout Barometric Pressure BMP280 SI7021 for Arduino

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DHT12 temperature sensor and Arduino example

The DHt12 is an upgraded version of the classic DHT11 humidity temperature sensor, it is fully downward compatible, more precise and adds an I2C interface.

Features:

compact size
low power consumption
low voltage operation
Standard I2C and 1-wire interface.

Sensing range
Temperature: -20 ~ +60 C
Humidity: 20-95 RH
Humidity:
Resolution: 0.1%RH
Repeat: -+ 1%RH
Precision 25C @ -+5RH
Temperature:
Resolution: 0.1C
Repeat: -+0.2C
Precision: 25C @ -+0.5C
Power: DC 2.7-5.5V
Normal current 1mA
Standby current 60uA
Sample cycle: > 2 seconds

Pin interface: 1. VDD 2. SDA 3. GND 4. SCL (connect to GND when use as 1-wire)

 

 

 

Layout

This shows how to connect the DHT12 to an Arduino Uno

arduino and dht12

arduino and dht12

 

 

Code

This is from https://github.com/xreef/DHT12_sensor_library


 

#include "Arduino.h"
 
#include <DHT12.h>
 
// Set dht12 i2c comunication on default Wire pin
DHT12 dht12;
 
void setup()
{
Serial.begin(112560);
// Start sensor handshake
dht12.begin();
}
int timeSinceLastRead = 0;
 
void loop()
{
// Report every 2 seconds.
if(timeSinceLastRead > 2000) {
// Reading temperature or humidity takes about 250 milliseconds!
// Read temperature as Celsius (the default)
float t12 = dht12.readTemperature();
// Read temperature as Fahrenheit (isFahrenheit = true)
float f12 = dht12.readTemperature(true);
// Sensor readings may also be up to 2 seconds 'old' (its a very slow sensor)
float h12 = dht12.readHumidity();
 
bool dht12Read = true;
// Check if any reads failed and exit early (to try again).
if (isnan(h12) || isnan(t12) || isnan(f12)) {
Serial.println("Failed to read from DHT12 sensor!");
 
dht12Read = false;
}
 
if (dht12Read){
// Compute heat index in Fahrenheit (the default)
float hif12 = dht12.computeHeatIndex(f12, h12);
// Compute heat index in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
float hic12 = dht12.computeHeatIndex(t12, h12, false);
// Compute dew point in Fahrenheit (the default)
float dpf12 = dht12.dewPoint(f12, h12);
// Compute dew point in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
float dpc12 = dht12.dewPoint(t12, h12, false);
 
Serial.print("DHT12=> Humidity: ");
Serial.print(h12);
Serial.print(" %\t");
Serial.print("Temperature: ");
Serial.print(t12);
Serial.print(" *C ");
Serial.print(f12);
Serial.print(" *F\t");
Serial.print(" Heat index: ");
Serial.print(hic12);
Serial.print(" *C ");
Serial.print(hif12);
Serial.print(" *F");
Serial.print(" Dew point: ");
Serial.print(dpc12);
Serial.print(" *C ");
Serial.print(dpf12);
Serial.println(" *F");
}
timeSinceLastRead = 0;
}
delay(100);
timeSinceLastRead += 100;
 
}

 

 

 

Output

DHT12=> Humidity: 33.70 % Temperature: 20.20 *C 68.36 *F Heat index: 19.16 *C 66.48 *F Dew point: 3.60 *C 38.48 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 39.70 % Temperature: 20.60 *C 69.08 *F Heat index: 19.75 *C 67.55 *F Dew point: 6.34 *C 43.41 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 44.60 % Temperature: 21.20 *C 70.16 *F Heat index: 20.54 *C 68.97 *F Dew point: 8.64 *C 47.55 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 47.80 % Temperature: 21.80 *C 71.24 *F Heat index: 21.28 *C 70.31 *F Dew point: 10.25 *C 50.45 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 48.90 % Temperature: 22.40 *C 72.32 *F Heat index: 21.97 *C 71.55 *F Dew point: 11.16 *C 52.08 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 53.90 % Temperature: 22.90 *C 73.22 *F Heat index: 22.65 *C 72.78 *F Dew point: 13.14 *C 55.66 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 55.10 % Temperature: 23.60 *C 74.48 *F Heat index: 23.45 *C 74.22 *F Dew point: 14.15 *C 57.46 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 54.90 % Temperature: 23.90 *C 75.02 *F Heat index: 23.78 *C 74.80 *F Dew point: 14.37 *C 57.86 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 45.30 % Temperature: 24.40 *C 75.92 *F Heat index: 24.08 *C 75.34 *F Dew point: 11.80 *C 53.24 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 40.60 % Temperature: 24.60 *C 76.28 *F Heat index: 24.18 *C 75.52 *F Dew point: 10.28 *C 50.50 *F
DHT12=> Humidity: 37.10 % Temperature: 24.80 *C 76.64 *F Heat index: 24.30 *C 75.75 *F Dew point: 9.09 *C 48.35 *F

 

 

Link

Under $1 for one of these sensors

1pcs DHT-12 DHT12 sensor Digital output Temperature and Humidity Sensor high quality

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