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Arduino Uno and HY-SRF05 ultrasonic sensor example

The HY-SRF05 is an ultrasonic emitter/receiver used to measure distance with a precision of ~0.3cm. It sends out a 40 KHz square wave signal that reflects on objects in front of the sensor. This signal is then read back by the sensor and the duration of the received signal is reflected on the ECHO pin.

Features

Supply voltage: 4.5V to 5.5V
Supply current: 10 to 40mA
Trigger pin format: 10 uS digital pulse
Sound frequency: 40 KHz
Echo pin output: 0V-VCC
Echo pin format: digital

How to use

Send a 10Us wide pulse (low to high) to the Trigger pin.
Monitor the ECHO pin.
When the ECHO pin goes HIGH, start a timer.
When the ECHO pin goes LOW, stop the timer and save the elapsed time.
Use the elapsed time in the following formula to get the distance in cm:

Distance (in cm) = (elapsed time * sound velocity (340 m/s)) / 100 / 2

We will see a code example later

 

Parts List

NameLink
Arduino UnoUNO R3 CH340G/ATmega328P, compatible for Arduino UNO
HY-SRF05HY-SRF05 SRF05 Ultrasonic Ranging Module Ultrasonic Sensor
connecting wireFree shipping Dupont line 120pcs 20cm male to male + male to female and female to female jumper wire

Layout

 

arduino and HY-SRF05

arduino and HY-SRF05

 

Code

/*
VCC to +5V
GND to ground
TRIG to digital pin 12
ECHO to digital pin 13
*/
 
const int TRIG_PIN = 12;
const int ECHO_PIN = 13;
 
void setup()
{
  // initialize serial communication:
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(TRIG_PIN,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(ECHO_PIN,INPUT);
}
 
void loop()
{
  long duration, distanceCm, distanceIn;
 
  digitalWrite(TRIG_PIN, LOW);
  delayMicroseconds(2);
  digitalWrite(TRIG_PIN, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(10);
  digitalWrite(TRIG_PIN, LOW);
  duration = pulseIn(ECHO_PIN,HIGH);
 
  // convert the time into a distance
  distanceCm = duration / 29.1 / 2 ;
  distanceIn = duration / 74 / 2;
 
  if (distanceCm <= 0)
  {
    Serial.println("Out of range");
  }
  else
  {
    Serial.print(distanceIn);
    Serial.print("in: ");
    Serial.print(distanceCm);
    Serial.print("cm");
    Serial.println();
  }
  delay(1000);
}

 

Output

Open the serial monitor and you will something like this depending how close the module is to an object

I was moving the sensor away from an object

4in, 10cm
3in, 9cm
4in, 10cm
4in, 10cm
4in, 10cm
4in, 10cm
4in, 12cm
4in, 12cm
4in, 12cm

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