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Arduino and L298 example

by shedboy71

In this example we will connect an L298 to our Arduino and drive a motor. A switch will change the direction of the motor

The L298 is an integrated monolithic circuit in a 15-lead Multiwatt and PowerSO20 packages. It is a high voltage, high current dual full-bridge driver designed to accept standard TTL logic levels and drive inductive loads such as relays, solenoids, DC and stepping motors. Two enable inputs are provided to enable or disable the device independently of the input signals. The emitters of the lower transistors of each bridge are connected together and the corresponding external terminal can be used for the connection of an external sensing resistor. An additional supply input is provided so that the logic works at a lower voltage

Here is the pinout of the device

l298pinout

Here is how you can control one of the motors, in this case Motor1. In order to activate the motor, the Enable1 line must be HIGH. You then control the motor and its direction by applying a LOW or HIGH signal to the Input1 and Input2 lines, as shown in this table.

Input1 Input2 Action
LOW LOW Motor brakes and stops*
HIGH LOW Motor turns forward
LOW HIGH Motor turns backward
HIGH HIGH Motor brakes and stops*

Schematic

 

Arduino and L298

Arduino and L298

Code

// switch pin
int switchPin = 2;
// motor pins
int motor1input1 = 3;
int motor1input2 = 4;
int enablePin = 9;
 
void setup() 
{
    // set the switch as an input
    pinMode(switchPin, INPUT);
    // set all the other pins you're using as outputs
    pinMode(motor1input1, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(motor1input2, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(enablePin, OUTPUT);
    //turn on motor
    digitalWrite(enablePin, HIGH);
}
 
void loop() 
{
    if (digitalRead(switchPin) == HIGH) 
    {
        digitalWrite(motor1input1, LOW);
        digitalWrite(motor1input2, HIGH);
    }
    else 
    {
        digitalWrite(motor1input1, HIGH);
        digitalWrite(motor1input2, LOW);
    }
}

 

 

Link

Datasheet –¬†http://www.st.com/web/en/resource/technical/document/datasheet/CD00000240.pdf

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